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If you think dentistry is tough today, imagine what it was like 13,000 years ago? Well, imagine no more - Stefano Benazzi of the University of Bologna thinks he has evidence of the earliest known root canal dentistry on a human.

Two front teeth were discovered at the Riparo Fredian  site near Lucca in Italy . Each has a large hole extending down into the pulp chamber  deep in the tooth.  Horizontal marks on the walls of the teeth suggest the dentist used tiny stone tools to drill the teeth out. This root canal work  - obviously without anaesthetic - must have been for one tough cookie! No amalgams - no crowns... Benazzi found traces of bitumen and  with hairs and plant fibres embedded. That's one way to reduce pain and keep food out of the pulp chamber.

These marks are similar to those found in teeth from another Italian site that date back 14,000 years in what is the earliest know filling and first example of dentistry yet discovered.No amalgams for these tough patients either!

Drs. Sherl and Ash  suggest patients avoid such traumatic work by using the 21st century comfort and exemplary modern facilities - including sterilisation procedures - at The Whole Tooth in Surry Hills!